Ormylia Art Diagnosis Center / Research Programs

EUROPEAN FUNDED R&D PROJECTS IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE & GREEK NATIONAL FUNDED R&D PROJECTS IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE

Art Diagnosis Center of Ormylia Foundation, is involved in several European funded R&D projects in the field of Conservation Science

Project Title:

RAPP. Robotic Applications for Delivering Smart User Empowering Applications. A Robotic Platform to deliver smart, userempowering Robotic Applications.

Project Identifier:

610947

FP7-ICT-2013-10

Total Budget:

278.800,00

Duration:

2013 - 2016

Participation:

Partner

Website:

www.rapp-project.eu/

Description:

A Robotic Platform to deliver smart, userempowering Robotic Applications.

As our societies are affected by a dramatic demographic change, in the near future elderly and people requiring support in their daily life will increase and caregivers will not be enough to assist and support them. Socially interactive robots can help to confront this situation not only by physically assisting people but also functioning as a companion. The increasing sales figures of robots are pointing that we are in front of a trend break for robotics. To lower the cost for developers and to increase their interest on developing robotic applications, the RAPP introduces the idea of robots as platforms. RAPP (Robotic Applications for Delivering Smart User Empowering Applications) will provide a software platform in order to support the creation and delivery of robotics applications (RAPPs) targeted to people at risk of exclusion, especially older people. The open-source software platform will provide an API that contains the functionalities for implementing RAPPs and accessing the robots sensors and actuators using higher level commands, by adding a middleware stack with added functionalities suitable for different kinds of robots. RAPP will expand the computational and storage capabilities of robots and enable machine learning operations, distributed data collection and processing, and knowledge sharing among robots in order to provide personalized applications based on adaptation to individuals. The use of a common API will assist developers is creating improved applications for different types of robots that target to people with different needs, capabilities and expectations, while at the same time respect their privacy and autonomy, thus the proposed RAPP Store will have a profound effect in the robotic application market. The results of RAPP will be evaluated through the development and benchmarking of social assistive RAPPs, which exploit the innovative features (RAPP API, RAPP Store, knowledge reuse,etc.) introduced by the proposed paradigm.

Project Title:

SurgicalExcavation   11_10_848.

Project Identifier:

11_10_848,

2007-2013, 2011

Total Budget:

234.000,00

Duration:

2013 - 2015

Participation:

-

Website:

-

Description:

"Tomographic documentation in time and in place of archaeological excavations using micro-to-meter-level tomography for specialized research and wide-audience education purposes" ( 10. ) o 2011- ( 2007-2013).

Project Title:

CHARISMA : Cultural heritage Advanced Research Infrastructures: Synergy for a Multidisciplinary Approach to Conservation/Restoration

Project Identifier:

FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-1.1.1.

Total Budget:

537.000,00

Duration:

2009 - 2014

Participation:


Website:

http://www.charismaproject.eu/

Description:

CHARISMA: Cultural Heritage Advanced Research Infrastructures, Synergy for a Multidisciplinary Approach to Conservation/Restoration ( , /). CHARISMA 7 .., 21 .
, (Universita degli Studi di Perugia (UNIPG), IT) : Prof. Brunetto Giovanni Brunetti (INSTM-UNIPG) , , , , , , , , Doerner , . .
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: FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-1.1.1, Bottom-up approach Combination of Collaborative Project and Coordination and Support Action for Integrating Activities
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Project Title:

EU-ARTECH - Access Research and Technology for the conservation of the European Cultural Heritage.

Project Identifier:

Structuring the European Research Area, Research Infrastructures, Integrated Infrastructure Initiatives.

RII3 - CT - 2004 - 506171

Total Budget:

5.379.250

Duration:

June 2004 May 2009, 60 months.

Participation:

Project Coordinator: University of Perugia, Italy
Prof. B.G. Brunetti, University of Perugia, Italy.
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: S.Sotiropoulou, G. Karagiannis

Website:

www.eu-artech.org

Description:

A network of 13 European Research infrastructures, the majority of them already involved in the 5th FP project LabS TECH, Laboratories on Science and Technology for the conservation of European Cultural Heritage, working in the field of scientific and technological applications to the study and conservation of cultural heritage, are cooperating in an Integrated Infrastructure Initiative with the objective to enhance the access to the most advanced resources, to promote the highest level of research and to diffuse good practices in conservation. The III operational modes of EU-ARTECH are:
  Networking activities on the top of LabS TECH achievements, referring to the rational use of analytical resources and discussions on materials and methods in conservation with the aim to propose protocols on material studies for meaningful comparisons of results among laboratories and to promote common strategies for high-quality and durable conservation treatments.
  Transnational Access to advanced facilities, for laboratory and in-situ non-destructive studies on movable and immovable artefacts, have the goal to create a permanent interoperability among institutions, extended to the whole European community of the field.
  Joint Research activities devoted to enhance the quality of the offered service and improve the infrastructure performances.

Project Title:

InfrArtSonic Development of a novel and integrated portable non destructive analysis system for the documentation of artworks.

Project Identifier:

FP6-2003-INCO-MPC-2, P. No 015338,

Total Budget:

1.600.000,00

Duration:

2006 2008

Participation:

Project Coordinator: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: G. Karagiannis

Website:

www.infrartsonic.org

Description:

The scope of the project is the development of an integrated non-destructive portable analysis-diagnosis system (called InfrArtSonic) for the 3D sampling, archiving & reconstruction of painted artworks. The system will be of a unique and invaluable aid for art historians and restorers in the frame of documentation of cultural object in the Mediterranean area.
The system will unify different modalities such as 3D ultrasound microscopy, VIS-nIR-mIR spectroscopy and digital imaging.
Using data fusion methods the system will be able to display the depth profile of the paint layers of an artwork as well as the local distribution of the pigments in each of these paint layers. In brief:
  1. The InfrArtSonic system will constitute a powerful non-destructive documentation tool for artworks. The system will provide with:
    The overview of the stratigraphy without sampling.
    Possible previous overpaintings as well as the reveal of previous restoration attempts.
    The authenticity of the artwork.
    The painting technique and materials used.
The methods that will be used and optimized taking into consideration several special aspects of the present proposal for the acquisition of the needed and relevant information are:
  2. Acoustic microscopy.
  3. VIS-nIR-mIR Spectroscopy and nIR-mIR imaging.
Special methods will be developed in order to fuse all the available information and thus maximize the benefit obtained by the information that is provided from each of these methods. As soon as a definite and exact result is derived from the fusion of the
data, a 3D model will be used in order to display the results in a user friendly visual way.
Using acoustic microscopy the depth profile of the paint layers is definitely possible. Using VIS-nIR-mIR spectroscopy the local distribution of the materials
(pigments) will be identified. Using the complementary information provided by these methods, the local stratigraphy of the artwork will be obtained.


Project Title:

MED-COLOUR-TECH, Revival of Traditional Natural Colouring Techniques Applied on Art-e-facts in the Mediterranean Area.

Project Identifier:

FP6-2003-INCO-MPC-2 , P. No 015406

Total Budget:

1.292.00,00

Duration:

2006 2008

Participation:

Project Coordinator: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: I. Karapanagiotis

Website:

www.medcolourtech.org

Description:

Colouring or painting with natural dyeing materials has been fundamental in art and intrinsic to the cultural identity of the Mediterranean area, since antiquity. However, since mid 19th century synthetic substances almost entirely expelled natural dyes from the market. The reconstruction and revival of traditional manufacturing processes for natural colorants, as well as of dyeing procedures or painting techniques is essential for the preservation of the Mediterranean cultural heritage. Rationally produced natural dyes can be used for artworks and folk applied art crafts, and this can also invest to the creation of new jobs, introducing a social-economic impact on the quality of human life. Furthermore, developing environmentally more acceptable products is a positive action towards the ecosystem. The proposal implies several coordinated activities, such as: (i) Analytical study of representative artworks/artefacts as far as the identification of the organic colouring materials, and the technology of their application is concerned. (ii) Practical revival/approbation of reconstructed application techniques/technologies of the dyes and derived organic pigments on several substrates, e.g. textile, paper and paintings, for the creation of artefacts according to ancient recipes. (iii) Optimisation of the application techniques through the investigation of interrelation between application physicochemical conditions and final result in terms of colour hue, strength and fastness. (iv) Synthesis and production of major colouring components, utilized as standards for dyestuff identification, at a molecular level. (v) Dissemination of the newly produced materials (pigments and standards). (vi) Recommendations for conservation strategies, based on the analytical results. (vii) Creation of a database for standard dyeing protocols with corresponding references to the relevant ancient recipes.

Relative Links :

Art Dye Another Way: The Secret Agents of Colour
Researchers around Europe and the Mediterranean are looking at new ways to preserve ancient icons and textiles. The plant and insect pigments used to colour old paintings and tapestries are being isolated using 21st century technology, so they can be turned into modern chemical formulae. Euronews video.

Project Title:

FING-ART-PRINT, Fingerprinting Art and Cultural Heritage - In Situ 3D Non-Contact Microscale Documentation and Identification of Paintings and Polychrome Objects.

Project Identifier:

2004-SSP-4. No. 022453

Total Budget:

75.000,00

Duration:

2005 2008

Participation:

Project Coordinator: ICN Netherlands Institute of Cultural Heritage.

Dr. W. Wei.,ICN Netherlands Institute of Cultural Heritage.
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: S.Sotiropoulou

Website:

www.fingartprint.org

Description:

This project will develop a system for the non-contact high-resolution fingerprinting of paintings and polychrome objects of art and cultural heritage. The compact system will consist of the in situ measurement of the roughness of selected areas of a painted surface at (sub)micron scale, spectral pigment and dye identification, and true colour digital documentation of the entire object. This will provide a long sought after non-destructive method for "marking" and identifying valuable painted objects of art and cultural heritage by using the three-dimensional (3D) micro-characteristics of the otherwise two-dimensional (2D) surface of the object. Specifically, the (sub)micron roughness and colour spectra at a certain (proprietary) location in an object's surface is a true "marking", unique to the painted object, and, in fact, the artist's technical "signature". Combined with a true colour digital image of the object, this information can be used to develop a comprehensive digital archiving system for museum collections, and vastly improve the traceability of objects on loan and in transport.

 

Project Title:

Post-Byzantine textiles of the Monastery of Simonos Petra (Mount Athos): Dyes and preventive conservation

Project Support:

The Getty Foundation, U.S.A.


Total Budget:

100.000 USD $

Duration:

August 2008 August 2010, 24 months.

Participation:

Project Coordinator: Ormylia Foundation
Person in charge for the Ormylia Foundation: I. Karapanagiotis

Description:

A multi-disciplinary approach will be employed to study thirty textile works from the Monastery of Simonos Petra of Mount Athos, as follows.

Stylistic and historical investigation
A detailed stylistic examination of the selected artworks will be performed. Patterns and methods of construction will be recorded and compared with corresponding data found in other textiles (either Ottoman or Western textiles) and from different historical periods (historical study).

Clarification of the origin of the dyes contained in the textiles
The biological sources of the dyestuffs used for during dyeing of post-Byzantine textiles from Mount Athos (including textiles from the monastery of Simonos Petra) are to a large extent unknown. Knowledge is mainly based on tradition rather than scientific evidence. A multi-disciplinary approach will be followed to perform the chemical investigations including optical microscopy, colorimetry, FTIR, Raman, HPLC-PDA-MS, GC-MS and SEM-EDS.

Documentation
The achievement of the previous two objectives will lead to the detailed documentation of the artworks through an integrated and multi-disciplinary approach. The assessment of the origin of the raw materials (e.g. dyestuffs), the clarification of the history of the artworks (mainly through the stylistic studies as historical documents are not available) and the elucidation of the religious, historic and social meanings which are hidden behind the symbols of the artworks will provide the basis to understand the art of these objects.

Preventive Conservation
Ethics in the preservation of cultural artefacts following conservation, restoration or preventive conservation treatments can be a complicated subject as each object treatment is unique and recipes or strict guidelines cannot be used. There will be always different risks to consider when any object is going to be treated, and assessing these risks is a daily task for a preventive conservator. Whether an ecclesiastical garment or a fabric is requested to go on loan outside Mount Athos, or to be handled by the brotherhood or the researchers, there are many issues to consider and what may be right for one object may not be acceptable for another. Results from the current survey point out the need to prioritise preventive rather than interventive conservation.

Project Title:

IPYMATO OPMYIA

Project Identifier

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Total Budget:

450.000

Duration:

2006 - 2007

Participation:

Project Partner: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece

Website:

 

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Project Title:

AKMON Developing Research Infrastructures: Development of a platform for the retrieval of multimedia and scientific information of artworks targeting to the creation of multimedia presentations for electronic publishing.

Project Identifier:

05 AKMON 83,

Total Budget:

399.500,00

Duration:

2006 2008

Participation:

Project Coordinator: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: G. Karagiannis

Website:

 

Description:

The main goal of this project is to develop an integrated platform for the acquisition, processing and storage of multidisciplinary information, regarding the documentation of cultural heritage objects. The developed application is addressing to two types of end-users: the creator-publisher and the guest-visitor.

The developed platform aims at allowing the user-creator to publish information in electronic of conventional formats, including the World Wide Web. The use of advanced semantic web technologies will give the opportunity to the user-visitor to retrieve the published information according to his needs.

In the current project the application will be used in the case of Publishing Houses, where using the innovative technologies developed will be able to organize and present the data in the optimal way, resulting in low cost, but high quality electronic editions, generated at a minimum frame of time. The developed system aspires to provide the necessary supporting tools for the creation of educational and exhibitional editions from publishing houses, museums, research institutes etc.

Project Title:

EIKONOGNOSIA Knowledge management and access to the scientific conservation science data and metadata for the documentation of Byzantine artworks using ontological tools for indexing and retrieving of the information.

Project Identifier:

EIKONOGNOSIA 74,

Total Budget:

700.000,00

Duration:

2006 2008

Participation:

Project Coordinator: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece
Person in charge for Ormylia Foundation: G. Karagiannis

Website:

 

Description:

This projects aims at developing a friendly, multimedia and multilingual platform which will provide a wide range of information for Byzantine Artworks in Greek, English and Russian through the World Wide Web. Moreover the system will support automatic classification of images using image processing techniques. The developed application aims at providing the necessary ground for the creation of a community consisting of organizations (museums, institutes) and private individuals (byzantine experts, restoretians, researchers, teachers), interested into studying, researching and publishing in the field of Byzantine Iconography.

The application that will be developed will provide multidimensional information and unique services at an international level in the field of Byzantine Iconography, such as:

  1. Digital representation of Byzantine Paintings with the ability to zoom and focus on particular points of interest.
  2. Typical identification data about the artwork.
  3. Special information about the specific type of art, such as:
    • Technical information regarding the material used and the condition of the artwork.
    • Technical information about the style of the painting.
    • Aesthetic and interpretational data (since Byzantine Painting have a special theological usage, their theological interpretation is very important).
    • Information about the relative items according to the creator, style, theme and creation period.
    • Automatic classification services using image processing techniques.

Project Title:

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Project Identifier:

, 03E697

Total Budget:

105.680

Duration:

2006-2008

Participation:

Project Partner: ORMYLIA FOUNDATION, Greece

Website:

 

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Design & Development Digital Innovations